Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers Constitutional Design (2023)

In this page, you can find CBSE Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Extra Questions and Answers Constitutional Design Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Sciencewill make your practice complete.

Constitutional Design Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Very Short Answers Type

Question 1.
What was apartheid?
Answer:
Apartheid was a system of racial discrimination practised in South Africa some decades ago. It was imposed by the white Europeans on the blacks. It was another name of exploitation and oppression.

Question 2.
Why was Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964?
Answer:
He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964 because he dared to raise voice against the system of apartheid in his country.

Question 3.
What were the people of mixed races were called in South Africa?
Answer:
In south Africa, the people of mixed races were called ‘coloured’.

Question 4.
Name the groups that fought against the apartheid system.
Answer:
The blacks, coloured and Indians.

Question 5.
Which political party in South Africa led the struggle against the policies of segregation?
Answer:
The African National Congress-led the struggle against the policies of segregation.

Question 6.
Who was Vallabhbhai Patel?
Answer:
He was the leader of Bardoli peasant Satyagraha. He played a decisive role in the integration of the Indian princely states.

Question 7.
What was the Indian National Congress’s resolution at its Karachi session in 1931?
Answer:
Its resolution centred around how independent India’s Constitution should look like.

Question 8.
On what basis do we say that the British had introduced very weak legislatures?
Answer:
The British rule had given voting rights only to a few. On that basis we say that the British had introduced very weak legislatures.

Question 9.
When did the Indian Constitution come into force?
Answer:
The Indian Constitution came into force on 26th January 1950.

Question 10.
When did the Constituent Assembly adopt the Constitution?
Answer:
The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November 1949.

Question 11.
Who played a key role in the making of the Indian Constitution?
Answer:
Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar played a key role in the making of the Indian Constitution.

Question 12.
Which national leader tried to draft a Constitution for India as far back as in 1928?
Answer:
In 1928, Motilal Nehru tried to draft a Constitution for India.

Question 13.
Name some important members of the Constituent Assembly?
Answer:
Dr B.R. Ambedkar, Dr Rajendra Prasad, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Kanhaiyalal Maniklal Munshi, etc.

Question 14.
What do you know about G. Durgabai Deshmukh?
Answer:
She was born in Andhra Pradesh. She was an advocate and public activist for women’s emancipation. She founded Andhra Mahila Sabha.

Question 15.
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution begins with ‘We’ the people of India’. What does this mean?
Answer:
It means the Constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers.

Question 16.
Why is India called a ‘republic’?
Answer:
India is called a ‘republic’ because here the head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position.

Question 17.
Highlight any one similarity between the story of South African struggle for freedom and the Indian National Movement.
Answer:
The leaders of both the struggles i.e. Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela followed the same policy— the policy of non-violence and they remained stick to this policy till the last.

Question 18.
What do you mean when you say ‘India is a sovereign country’?
Answer:
It means people have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external power can dictate the Government of India.

Question 19.
What do you mean when you say ‘India is a secular country?
Answer:
It means the citizens of India have complete freedom to follow any religion. There is no official religion. Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect.

Question 20.
Why did Dr B.R. Ambedkar often criticise Mahatma Gandhi?
Answer:
Dr B.R. Ambedkar often bitterly criticised Mahatma Gandhi because he (Mahatma Gandhi) held different understanding of how inequalities could be removed from the Indian society.

Question 21.
How would you define the term ‘Preamble’?
Answer:
It is an introductory statement in a Constitution which states the reasons and guiding values of the Constitution.

Question 22.
Why does the Constitution of India need to be amended quite regularly?
Answer:
The Constitution of India is a very long and detailed document. Therefore it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated.

(Video) Term 1 MCQ's (Constitutional Design) | CBSE Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 [Political Science] Vedantu SST

Question 23.
What is meant by the term ‘socialist’?
Answer:
The term ‘socialist’ means wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socioeconomic inequalities.

Question 24.
‘Justice’ is a term used in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution. What does it mean?
Answer:
The term ‘justice’ means citizens cannot be discriminated on the grounds of caste, religion and gender.

Question 25.
What is meant by the term ‘liberty’ used in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution?
Answer:
‘Liberty’ means there are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action.

Question 26.
Who was the founder President of Bharatiya Jansangh?
Answer:
Shyama Prasad Mukheijee was the founder President of Bhartiya Jansangh.

Question 27.
Mention any two events that inspired Indian leaders for the making of the Constitution?
Answer:

  • The ideals of the French Revolution
  • The practice of parliamentary democracy in Britain.

Constitutional Design Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Short Answers Type

Question 1.
Describe the system of apartheid practised in South Africa some decades ago.
OR
How did the white Europeans occupy South Africa and begin to rule by imposing apartheid on the country?
Answer:
(i) Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. The white Europeans imposed this system on South Africa.

(ii) During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the trading companies from Europe occupied it with arms and force. They settled in South Africa in a large number and became the local rulers.

(iii) The system of apartheid divided the people of South Africa and labelled them on the basis of their skin colour—blacks, coloured and migrant Indians. The white rulers treated them as inferiors and deprived them of voting rights.

Question 2.
How was the apartheid system particularly oppressive for the black population?
Or
‘The apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks’. Support the statement.
Answer:
There was no denying the fact that the apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks:
(i) The entire black population of South Africa was forbidden from living in white areas. They could work in white areas only if they had a permit.

(ii) There were separate trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools and public toilets for the whites and blacks. The blacks could not use anything meant for the whites.

(iii) The blacks were not allowed to visit the churches where the whites worshipped. They could not form associations or protest against the terrible treatment.

Question 3.
How did the people of South Africa fight against the oppressive system of apartheid?
Answer:
(i) All the non-whites (the blacks, coloured and migrant Indians) made collective efforts and fought unitedly against the apartheid system which had made their lives so miserable. Their fight began in 1950 and continued till they uprooted this system.

(ii) They launched protest marches and strikes. The African National Congress or ANC was the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies of segregation. This included many workers’ unions and the Communist Party.

(ii) The non-whites also got support from many sensitive whites in their fight against apartheid. Several countries denounced this system as unjust and racist. But the white government remained stick to its policy of segregation.

Question 4.
What made the blacks and whites apprehensive at the time of Constitution making in South Africa?
Answer:
The following factors made both ethnic groups apprehensive at the time of Constitution making in South Africa:

  • The oppressor (whites) and the oppressed (blacks) in the new democracy were planning to live together as equals. It was not going to be easy for them to trust each other. They had their fears.
  • Both groups wanted to safeguard their interests. The black majority was keen to ensure that the democratic principle of majority rule was not compromised. They wanted substantial social and economic rights.
  • The white majority was keen to protect its privileges and property.

Question 5.
What was the attitude of the black leaders towards the whites after the emergence of the new democratic South Africa?
Answer:
After the emergence of the new democratic South Africa, blacks leaders refrained themselves from taking revenge on the whites for all their oppression and ill-treatment. Instead they maintained a very soft and liberal attitude towards the whites.

They appealed to fellow blacks to forgive the whites for the atrocities they had committed while in power. They said let us build a new South Africa based on equality of all races and men and women, on democratic values, social justice and human rights. The party that ruled through oppression and brutal killings and the party that led the freedom struggle came together to draw up a common Constitution.

Question 6.
Why is a written Constitution needed in every country?
Answer:
Every country has diverse groups of people. Their relationships may be bad for various reasons. People may have differences of opinion and interests. Whether democratic or not, most countries in the world need to have some basic rules called a Constitution to run the society and country peacefully and cordially.

These rules must be considered supreme. They apply not just to government but to all the people living in a territory. This set of basic rules determines the relationship among people of a territory and also the relationship between the people and government.

Question 7.
Mention the role of the Constituent Assembly in the making of the Indian Constitution.
Answer:
(i) Constituent Assembly was an assembly of people’s representatives that wrote the Constitution for India. First of all the assembly drafted the document called the Constitution.

(ii) The elections to the Constituent Assembly were hold in July 1946. Its first meeting was held in December 1946. Soon after the country was divided into India and Pakistan. The Constituent Assembly was also divided and the one that wrote the Indian Constitution had 299 members.

(iii) The Assembly took 2 years 11 months and 18 days, during which the members deliberated for 114 days. The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26 November 1949 but brought into effect on 26 January 1950, the day on which we celebrate the Republic Day every year.

Question 8.
What is the significance of the Preamble to the Indian Constitution?
Answer:
The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which reads like a poem on democracy.

(Video) Class 9 Sst. Pol. Science Civics Most Important Questions Ch.2 Constitutional Design Constitution

  • The Preamble contains the philosophy on which the entire Constitution has been built. It is the soul of the Indian Constitution.
  • It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of government, to find out whether it is good or bad.
  • It has some key words like sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity which form the foundation for India’s democracy.

Question 9.
What compromises were made between the blacks and whites at the time of Constitution making in South Africa?
Answer:
(i) After the emergence of the new democratic South Africa, the two parties, the one that ruled through oppression and the other that led freedom struggle, sat together to draw up a common Constitution. After long negotiations both parties agreed to a compromise.

(ii) The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule and that of one person are vote. They also agreed to accept some basic rights for the poor and the workers.

(iii) The blacks agreed that the majority rule would not be absolute. They agreed that the majority would not take away the property of the white minority.

Question 10.
How can you say that the Constituent Assembly was the representative body of the people of India?
Answer:
(i) It is a fact the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. Some of the important leaders who became its members were Rajendra Prasad, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu. Frank Antony, K.M Munshi, etc., representing different section of the Indian society.

(ii) As there was no universal adult franchise at that time, so the Constituent Assembly was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. This ensured a fair geographical share of members from all the regions of the country.

(iii) In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations.

Constitutional Design Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Long Answers Type

Question 1.
What is Constitution of a country? Why do we need it? Or, what is the importance of a Constitution in a country?
Answer:
The Constitution of a country is a set of written rules that are accepted by all people living together in a country. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory and also the relationship between the people and government. We need a Constitution for various reasons:

  • It generates a decrese of trust and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together.
  • It specifies how the government will be constituted, who will have power to take which decisions.
  • It lays down limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are.
  • It expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society.

Question 2.
“The Constitution of India was drawn up under very difficult circumstances”. Support the statement.
Answer:
India’s Constitution, like South Africa, was also drawn up under very difficult circumstances. It was not an easy affair to make a Constitution for a country like India which is so vast and diverse.

At that time the people of India were emerging from the status of subjects to that of citizens. The country was bom through a partition on the basis of religious differences. This was a better experience for the people of both the countries i.e. India and Pakistan. Atleast ten lakh people were killed on both sides of the border.

The British had left to the rulers of the princely states to decide whether they wanted to merge with India or with Pakistan or remain independent. The merger of these princely states was a difficult and uncertain task. When the Constitution was being written, the future of the country did not look as secure as it does today. The makers of the Constitution had anxieties about the present and the future of the country.

Question 3.
What is called the Preamble to the Constitution? Mention any four key words used in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution.
Or
Which values are embedded in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution? Explain.
Answer:
The Constitution of India begins with a short statement of its basic values. This is called the preamble to the Constitution. These values guide all the articles of the Indian Constitution. The Preamble is the soul of our Constitution. It contains some key words such as sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic, justice, etc.

(i) Sovereign: India is a sovereign country. People have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external power can dictate the Government of India.

(ii) Socialist: Wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. Government . should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socioeconomic inequalities.

(iii) Secular: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. But there is no official religion.
Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect.

(iv) Democratic: A form of government where people enjoy equal political rights, elect their rulers and hold them accountable. The government is run according to some basic rules.

Question 4.
Describe how South Africa became a democratic country under the leadership of Nelson Mandela.
Or
Explain the struggle of the South African people against apartheid.
Or
How did the policy of segregation come to an end in South Africa?
Or
What was the role of Nelson Mandela in making South Africa a democratic country?
Answer:
(i) Apartheid was a system of racial segregation and ill-treatment of blacks followed by the Government of South Africa between 1948 and 1989. The white European rulers treated all non-whites (blacks, coloured and migrant Indians) as inferiors, The non-whites did not have voting rights. The apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks. They were forbidden from living in white areas.

(ii) Since 1950, all the non-whites fought collectively against the apartheid system. They launched protest marches and strikes. The African National Congress (ANC) was the umbrella organisation that led the struggle against the policies of segregation.

(iii) Nelson Mandela remained an inspiring force behind this struggle. He got support of many workers’ unions and the Communist Party. Many sensitive whites also joined the ANC to oppose apartheid and played a leading role in this struggle. Several countries denounced apartheid as unjust and racist. But the white racist government continued to torture blacks and coloured people.

(iv) Protests and struggles against apartheid intensified with the passage of time. This compelled the government to realise that they could no longer keep the blacks under their rule through oppression. So, the white regime changed its policies.

(v) As a result, discriminatory laws were repealed. Ban of political parties and restrictions on the media were lifted. After 28 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela walked out of the jail as a free man. Finally, at the midnight of 26 April 1994, the new national flag of the Republic of South Africa was hoisted marking the newly born democracy in the world. The apartheid system came to an end and a multi-racial democratic government was formed.

Question 5.
How can you say that the Indian Constitution is both rigid and flexible?
Answer:
One of the most important features of the Constitution of India is that it both rigid and flexible. It is rigid because the provisions related to the basic structure of the Constitution e.g. the division of powers between the legislature, the executive and judiciary cannot be changed by the Parliament alone.

If any change is needed to make, it has to be first passed by both the Houses of the Parliament with at least two-third majority. Then it has to be satisfied by the legislatures of at least half of the total states.

At the same time our Constitution is flexible also. It can be changed according to the need of the time. The Constitution makers did not see it as a sacred , static and unalterable law. So, they make provisions to incorporate changes from time to time to keep it updated. These changes are called constitutional amendments.

(Video) Class9th Political science chapter 3 constitutional design QUES/ANS full explanation हिंदी में

Question 6.
Mention five major characteristics of the South African Constitution.
Answer:
South Africa got independence from the apartheid government in 1994. Afterwards the process of Constitution making began. It took two years when South Africa got one of the finest constitutions of the world. In 1996, President Nelson Mandela promulgated it. Here are the major characteristics of this Constitution:

(i) The Constitution of South Africa is the highest law of the land. It is widely regarded as the most progressive Constitution in the world, with a Bill of Rights second to none.

(ii) The new Constitution was written in consultation with the public as well as elected public representatives.

(iii) The Constitution gives to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. It is based on equality of all races and men and women, on democratic values, social justice and human rights.

(iv) Freedom of expression and association, political and property rights, housing, health care, education, access to information and access to courts have also been incorporated in the Constitution of South Africa.

(v) Speaking on the South African Constitution, Mandela said that the Constitution speaks of both the past and the future. On the one hand, it is a solemn pact in which all the citizens of South Africa declare to one another that they shall never permit a repetition of their racist, brutal and repressive past.

Thus, the South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy.

Question 7.
Mention some of the major characteristics of the Indian Constitution.
Answer:
The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. Some of its major characteristics are
given below:

(i) It is a very long and detailed document. Therefore, there are provisions to incorporate changed from time to time to keep it updated.

(ii) It describes the institutional arrangements in a very legal language. It lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country.

(iii) It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions. And it puts limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizens that cannot be violated.

(iv) The Constitution of India begins with a short statement of its basic values such as secularism, fraternity, equality, justice, etc. This is called the Preamble to the Constitution.

(v) It does not reflect the views of its members alone. It express a broad consensus of its time. Perhaps therefore no large social group or political party has ever questioned the legitimacy of the Constitution itself.

Question 8.
Describe the role of the Constituent Assembly in the marking of the Indfian Constitution.
Or
Describe what contribution was made by the Constituent Assembly in framing of the Indian Constitution.
Answer:
(i) The Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly established under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. The 299 individuals who comprised the Constituent Assembly can be called the founding fathers and mothers of the Republic of India.

(ii) Certain members of the Assembly played a key role in the making of the Indian Constitution. The foremost among them was Dr B.R. Ambedkar whose role as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Assembly has earned him the popular of‘Father of the Indian Constitution.’ Other Congress leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Maulana Azad also played valuable role in the making of the Constitution.

(iii) The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. First some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. Then the Drafting Committee chaired by Ambedkar prepared a draft Constitution for discussion.

(iv) Several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the draft Constitution, clause by clause. More than two thousand amendments were considered . The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years.

(v) All the proceedings and discussions in the Constituent Assembly have been recorded and preserved. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. These debates provide the rationale behind every provision of the Constitution.

Question 9.
How did the white minority and the black majority agree to draw up a common Constitution for South Africa?
Answer:
(i) After the emergence of the new democratic South Africa, the two parties, the one that ruled through oppression and the other that led freedom struggle, sat together to draw up a common Constitution. After long negotiations both parties agreed to a compromise.

(ii) The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule and that of one person are vote. They also agreed to accept some basic rights for the poor and the workers.

(iii) The blacks agreed that the majority rule would not be absolute. They agreed that the majority would not take away the property of the white minority.

South Africa got independence from the apartheid government in 1994. Afterwards the process of Constitution making began. It took two years when South Africa got one of the finest constitutions of the world. In 1996, President Nelson Mandela promulgated it. Here are the major characteristics of this Constitution:

(i) The Constitution of South Africa is the highest law of the land. It is widely regarded as the most progressive Constitution in the world, with a Bill of Rights second to none.

(Video) Questions and Answers Constitutional Design Class 9

(ii) The new Constitution was written in consultation with the public as well as elected public representatives.

(iii) The Constitution gives to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. It is based on equality of all races and men and women, on democratic values, social justice and human rights.

(iv) Freedom of expression and association, political and property rights, housing, health care, education, access to information and access to courts have also been incorporated in the Constitution of South Africa.

(v) Speaking on the South African Constitution, Mandela said that the Constitution speaks of both the past and the future. On the one hand, it is a solemn pact in which all the citizens of South Africa declare to one another that they shall never permit a repetition of their racist, brutal and repressive past.

Thus, the South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy.

Constitutional Design Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions

Question 1.
Why should we accept the Constitution made by the Constituent Assembly more than fifty years ago? Give valid reasons.
Answer:
There are many reasons why we should accept the Constitution of India made by the Constituent Assembly more than fifty years ago: The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. It expresses a broad consensus of its time.

Many countries of the world have had to rewrite their Constitution afresh because the basic rules were not accepted to all major social or political parties. The experience of our Constitution is different. Over the last fifty years, several groups have questioned some provisions of the Constitution. But no large social group or political party has over questioned the legitimacy of the Constitution itself. This is an unusual achievement for any Constitution.

The second reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. There was no universal adult franchise at that time. So the Constituent Assembly could not have been chosen directly by all the people of India. It was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. This ensured a fair geographical share of members from all the regions of the country.

The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, but there were many ! members who did not agree with the Congress. In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations.

Last but not the least , the manner in which the Constituent Assembly worked gives sanctity to our Constitution. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. First some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar prepared a draft Constitution for discussion. Then several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the Draft Constitution, clause by clause.

More then two thousand amendments were considered. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. Every document presented and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. These debates provide the rationale behind every provision of the Constitution.

Question 2.
What factors led to the making of the Indian Constitution?
Or
Enlist all the major factors that contributed to the making of the Indian Constitution.
Or
Describe how the political institutions of colonial rule helped develop an agreement over the institutional design of Constitution.
Answer:
The factors that led to the making of the Indian Constitution were:
(i) The goal of our national movement was not only to oust the Britishers but also to rejuvenate our country and to transform our society and politics. There were sharp differences of opinion within the freedom struggle about the path India should take after Independence, but almost everyone accepted some basic ideas.

(ii) In 1928, Moti Lai Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a Constitution for India. In 1931, the resolution at the Karachi Session of the Indian National Congress centred around how independent India’s Constitution should look like. Both these documents were committed to the inclusion of universal adult franchise, right to freedom and equality and to protecting the right of minorities in the Constitution of independent India.

(iii) The familiarity with political institutions of colonial rule also helped develop an agreement over the institutional design. The British rule had given voting rights only to a few. It was highly undemocratic. But the experience gained by Indians in the working of the legislative institutions proved to be very useful for the country in the setting up its own institutions and working in them. That is why, the Indian Constitution adopted many institutional details and procedures from colonial laws like the Government of India Act, 1935.

(iv) Many of our leaders were inspired by the ideals of French Revolution, the practice of parliamentary democracy in Britain and the Bill of Rights in the US.

(v) The socialist revolution in Russia had inspired many Indians to think of shaping a system based on social and economic equality. At each step the leaders were questioning whether these things suited our country. All these factors contributed to the making of the Indian Constitution.

Constitutional Design Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 3Value-based Questions (VBQs)

Question 1.
What values are reflected from the Constitution of South Africa? Mention any three.
Answer:
The values reflected by the Constitution of South Africa are:

  • It gives to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country.
  • The Constitution is based on equality of all races and men and women on democratic values, social justice and human rights.
  • It gives assurance to the white minority that their property would not be taken away by the black majority.
  • The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world because it is not based on the policy of revenge but on equality of all races and cherishes faith in human beings.
  • The Constitution makers agreed that everybody should become part of the solution to the problems. It does not exclude anyone.

Question 2.
“The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over world”. Explain.
Answer:
The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world. A state denounced by the entire world till recently as the most undemocratic one is now seen as a model of democracy. What made this possible was the determination of the people of South Africa to work together, to transform bitter experiences into the binding glue of a rainbow nation as it is called by the South Africans.

They built a new South Africa based on equality of all races and men and women, on democratic values, social justice and human rights. The party that ruled through oppression and brutal killings and the party that led the freedom struggle sat together and draw up a common Constitution. This is really inspiring.

Question 3.
There are some basic values that our Constitution has embodied into institutional arrangements. Mention them.
Answer:

  • The Constitution of India is a long and detailed document which has certain flexibilities. It can be amended quite regularly to keep it updated and in accordance with the people’s aspirations and changes in society.
  • It lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country. It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions.
  • It also puts limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizens that cannot be violated.

Question 4.
Mention some basic ideas that were accepted by almost every Indian even before the Constituent Assembly met to frame the Constitution.
Answer:
In 1928, Moti Lai Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a Constitution for India. In 1931, the resolution at the Karachi Session of the Indian National Congress dwelt on how the Constitution of India should look like.

Both these documents were committed to the inclusion of universal adult franchise, right to freedom and equality and to protecting the rights of minorities in the Constitution of independent India. Thus, some basic values were accepted by all leaders much before the Constituent Assembly met to deliberate on the Constitution.

FAQs

What is constitution Design Short answer? ›

Answer: The constitution of a country is a set of written rules that are accepted by all people living together in a country. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory (called citizens) and also the relationship between the people and government.

What is a constitution Class 9 very short answer? ›

A constitution is defined as the set of written rules, that are accepted by all the people living together in a country. It determines the relationship between the people and the government.

What is constitutional design class 9th? ›

There are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow. All such rules together are called constitution. As the supreme law of the country, the constitution determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function.

What is Democracy Why Democracy Class 9 extra questions answers? ›

Democracy improves the quality of decision-making. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens. It is better than other forms of government because it allows us to correct its own mistakes.

Why is India called a republic? ›

Republic of India

Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950.

What is Preamble in constitutional design? ›

The Preamble of the Constitution of India presents the principles of the Constitution and indicates the sources of its authority It was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly and came into effect on 26 January 1950, celebrated as the Republic Day of India.

What are the 12 fundamental rights? ›

Fundamental Rights - Articles 12-35 (Part III of Indian...
  • Right to Equality.
  • Right to Freedom.
  • Right against Exploitation.
  • Right to Freedom of Religion.
  • Cultural and Educational Rights.
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies.

What is constitution topper? ›

Constitution is a set of principles or precedents by which a state is governed.

What is constitution Drishti IAS? ›

The Constitution of India is the backbone of democracy in our country. It is an umbrella of rights that gives the citizens an assurance of a free and fair society. The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26th November 1949 and it came into effect on 26th of January 1950.

Who made constitutional design? ›

Making of the Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution was drafted by Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders in 1928.

Who is the designer of Indian Constitution? ›

Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the calligrapher of the Indian Constitution. The original constitution was written by him in a flowing italic style.

What is the full meaning of constitution? ›

Definition of constitution

1a : the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it. b : a written instrument embodying the rules of a political or social organization.

What is democracy in Mcq? ›

Democracy means rule by law. The word comes from the ancient word 'demos' meaning people and 'kratos' meaning to rule. A democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by people.

What is democracy for 2 marks questions? ›

A democratic government is government which is elected by the people. A good democracy is a government which is elected by the people and people take part in all the decisions. In a democracy regular elections are held. In a good democracy regular free and fair elections are held.

What is democracy answer topper? ›

Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.

How old is India? ›

You would be surprised to know that the Indian subcontinent has been flourishing for around 5,000-6,000 years and its peoples joined together to form a civilization in roughly 1500 BCE when they created the Vedic Civilization, which laid out the foundations of Hinduism.

When did India get freedom? ›

India Independence Day (1947): August 15, 2022.

Is India is a secular state? ›

With the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution of India (1976), the Preamble to the Constitution asserted that India is a “secular” nation. The meaning of a secular state is that it does not prioritize any one religion for the country and its people.

Why is it called preamble? ›

Preamble comes from the Latin praeambulus which means "walking before." And that's what a preamble does — it "walks" before a speech, often explaining what's coming.

Who wrote the Preamble? ›

Jump to essay-16It is generally acknowledged that the Preamble's author was Gouverneur Morris, as the language from the federal preamble echoes that of Morris's home state's Constitution.

Who designed the Preamble? ›

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is based on the 'Objectives Resolution', drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly. It was moved by Nehru on December 13, 1946, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.

Who protects human rights? ›

United Nations Instruments. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the most important of all human rights instruments. The most important global human rights instrument is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948 by the General Assembly of the UN.

Is Article 24 absolute? ›

Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory, mine or other hazardous activities like construction work or railway. It is an absolute prohibition.

What are the 5 main rights? ›

Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.

What are the 7 fundamental rights and duties? ›

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

Which is the largest Constitution in India? ›

The Indian constitution is the world's longest for a sovereign nation. At its enactment, it had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. At about 145,000 words, it is the second-longest active constitution—after the Constitution of Alabama—in the world.

Who is the father of Indian Constitution? ›

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the then Law Minister who introduced the final draft of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly.

Is Drishti good for IAS? ›

Ans. If you are not good in English but you wish to become IAS then Drishti the vision foundation is the best platform for you to study. Drishti the vision foundation is recommended for Hindi Medium Students.

What is Drishti IAS fee? ›

Drishti IAS Fees & Fee Structure:
Available Courses at Drishti IAS AcademyFees of Drishti IAS in Delhi
General Studies (P+M)Rs.125,000
GS (P+M) + CSATRs.145,000
GS (P+M) + CSAT + ESSAYRs.154,000
GS (P+M) + CSAT + ESSAY + TS (Pre) + TS-GS (Mains)Rs.166,000
8 more rows

Who is the CEO of Drishti IAS? ›

Dr Vikas Divyakirti, founder and managing director of “Drishti IAS”, is popular among the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam aspirants. He has taught for the past two decades with specialities in Hindi Sahitya, philosophy, history, and many other exam subjects.

Who painted the Constitution? ›

The Culture Scoop Newsletter includes exclusive stories, the best content from museums, downloadables, art-humour and curated recommendations (mostly with an India and Asian focus).

Who is the Constitution owned by? ›

The National Constitution Center owns a rare, original copy of the first public printing of the Constitution.

When was Constitution formed? ›

The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

Who designed national flag? ›

Who designed the flag of India? The design of the flag of India that was first presented in 1921 to Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the All-India Congress, was created by Pingali (or Pinglay) Venkayya.

Who signed first Indian Constitution? ›

Jawaharlal Nehru signing the Indian Constitution on 24 January 1950. Pattabhi Sitaramayya signing the Indian Constitution on 24 January 1950. Signatures of Members of the Constituent Assembly: 24 January 1949 - Page 2.

Who is the father of Constitution? ›

James Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution because of his pivotal role in the document's drafting as well as its ratification.

What are the 4 types of constitutions? ›

Types of Constitution include;
  • Written constitution.
  • Unwritten constitution.
  • Rigid constitution.
  • Flexible constitution.

Which country has best constitution? ›

B.R. Ambedkar, the Architect of Indian Constitution and other Founding Fathers, in framing the Indian Constitution and to pay our tributes to them on this occasion, for giving us the best Constitution in the world.

Which is the oldest constitution in the world? ›

The Constitution of San Marino might be the world's oldest active written constitution, since some of its core documents have been in operation since 1600, while the Constitution of the United States is the oldest active codified constitution.

What are the 4 types of democracy? ›

Different types of democracies
  • Direct democracy.
  • Representative democracy.
  • Constitutional democracy.
  • Monitory democracy.

What is MPS in Mcq? ›

Master Production Schedule (MPS) is a complete timetable of our scheduled production in the future. It gives information about what product is to be produced, when it is to be produced and in how much quantity.

Who governs in a democracy? ›

Democracy (From Ancient Greek: δημοκρατία, romanized: dēmokratía, dēmos 'people' and kratos 'rule') is a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation ("direct democracy"), or to choose governing officials to do so ("representative democracy").

What are 5 examples of democracy? ›

Types of democracy can cluster around values. For example, some like direct democracy, electronic democracy, participatory democracy, real democracy, and deliberative democracy, strive to allow people to participate equally and directly in protest, discussion, decision-making, or other acts of politics.

Why is democracy in short? ›

The word democracy comes from the Greek words "demos", meaning people, and "kratos" meaning power; so democracy can be thought of as "power of the people": a way of governing which depends on the will of the people.

What are the two types of democracy? ›

The two types of democracy in practice around the world are direct democracy and representative democracy.

What is democracy rule? ›

Definition of democracy

1a : government by the people especially : rule of the majority. b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.

Which is the largest democracy in the world Mcq? ›

India is the largest Democracy in the world.

Is democracy Short answer? ›

Democracy is a form of government where elected representatives hold power. Citizens elect their representatives through voting and these elected representatives hold the power.

› what-is-democracy ›


CBSE Class 9 Answered

https://www.topperlearning.com › what-is-democracy
https://www.topperlearning.com › what-is-democracy
Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation. Who people are and how authority is shared among...
Answer: Democracy is form of governing mechanism in which the goverment is elected by the citizen of that nation through the election process. the legislative b...
Hello Everyone,In This Video You Will Learn WHAT IS DEMOCRACY | Concept Of Democracy | Class 2 | Political Science | For All Competitive Exams#Democracy #Wha...

What is constitution short answer topper? ›

Constitution is a set of principles or precedents by which a state is governed. When they are compiled into a single document, it is called codified written constitution for e.g of India. As opposed to this, Britain's Constitution is written in numerous fundamental Acts of a legislature, court cases or treaties.

Who made constitution Short answer? ›

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the then Law Minister who introduced the final draft of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly. He took a very prominent part in the deliberations of the Assembly.

What is the design of Indian constitution? ›

The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, assures its citizens justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity. The original 1950 constitution is preserved in a nitrogen-filled case at the Parliament House in New Delhi.

What are the 12 fundamental rights? ›

Fundamental Rights - Articles 12-35 (Part III of Indian...
  • Right to Equality.
  • Right to Freedom.
  • Right against Exploitation.
  • Right to Freedom of Religion.
  • Cultural and Educational Rights.
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies.

What are the 7 fundamental rights and duties? ›

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

What is Preamble long answer? ›

The Preamble is an introductory statement in a Constitution which states the reasons and the guiding values of the Constitution. Significance of the Preamble: The terms sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic in the Preamble suggests the nature of the state.

Who is the mother of Indian Constitution? ›

Madam Bhikaji Cama

Who is father of Constitution? ›

James Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution because of his pivotal role in the document's drafting as well as its ratification.

Who is known as father of India? ›

India celebrates the 152nd birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, fondly known as the 'Father of the Nation'.

Who designed preamble page? ›

Because of this, the Constitution had more than 100 amendments in the past. The page of the preamble along with all the other pages of the Constitution were designed and decorated by the renowned painter Beohar Rammanohar Sinha of Jabalpur.

What are the 25 parts of Indian Constitution? ›

What are the 25 parts of the Indian Constitution?
Parts and SubjectArticles
Part XV – Elections324 – 329A
Part XVI – Special provisions relating to certain classes330 – 342
Part XVII – Official language343 – 351
Part XVIII – Emergency Provisions352 – 360
22 more rows

Who wrote India Constitution? ›

Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the calligrapher of the Indian Constitution. The original constitution was handwritten by him in a flowing italic style.

Videos

1. CLASS-9, CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN, IMPORTANT QUESTIONS, PART-4
(Academy of Social Science By Ojha Sir)
2. Class 9 Civics MCQ | Constitutional Design Class 9 MCQ | Social Science
(Magnet Brains)
3. Constitutional Design MCQ Class 9 civics chapter 3 mcq constitutional design mcq with answers
(SST EXCEL STUDIES)
4. Best MCQ Class 9 Electoral Politics - Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 // Electoral Politics @MCQ NCERT
(MCQ NCERT)
5. Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 | Frequently Asked Questions - Electoral Politics
(Magnet Brains)
6. Class 9 SST (Civics) | Constitutional Design - Most Important Questions
(Magnet Brains)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Lilliana Bartoletti

Last Updated: 11/30/2022

Views: 6702

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (73 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Lilliana Bartoletti

Birthday: 1999-11-18

Address: 58866 Tricia Spurs, North Melvinberg, HI 91346-3774

Phone: +50616620367928

Job: Real-Estate Liaison

Hobby: Graffiti, Astronomy, Handball, Magic, Origami, Fashion, Foreign language learning

Introduction: My name is Lilliana Bartoletti, I am a adventurous, pleasant, shiny, beautiful, handsome, zealous, tasty person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.