MSC.4(48) - IBC-Code International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk (2022)

15.8.1 Propylene oxide transported under the provisions of this section should beacetylene free.

15.8.2 Unless cargo tanks are properly cleaned, these products should not be carried intanks which have contained as one of the three previous cargoes any products known tocatalyse polymerization, such as:
.1 mineral acids (e.g. sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric);
.2 carboxylic acids and anhydrides (e.g. formic, acetic);
.3 halogenated carboxylic acids (e.g. chloracetic);
.4 sulphonic acids (e.g. benzene sulphonic);
.5 caustic alkalis (e.g. sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide);
.6 ammonia and ammonia solutions;
.7 amines and amine solutions;
.8 oxidizing substances.

15.8.3 Before loading, tanks should be thoroughly and effectively cleaned, to remove alltraces of previous cargoes from tanks and associated pipework, except where theimmediately prior cargo has been propylene oxide or ethylene oxide / propylene oxidemixtures. Particular care should be taken in the case of ammonia in tanks made of steelother than stainless steel.

15.8.4 In all cases, the effectiveness of cleaning procedures for tanks and associatedpipework should be checked by suitable testing or inspection, to ascertain that no traces ofacidic or alkaline materials remain that might create a hazardous situation in the presenceof these products.

15.8.5 Tanks should be entered and inspected prior to each initial loading of theseproducts to ensure freedom from contamination, heavy rust deposits and visible structuraldefects. When cargo tanks are in continuous service for these products, such inspectionsshould be performed at intervals of not more than two years.

15.8.6 Tanks for the carriage of these products should be of steel or stainless steelconstruction.Suitable tank coatings may be accepted as such by the administration and noted on theinternational certificated of fitness for the carriage of Dangerous chemicals in Bulk.

15.8.7 Tanks for the carriage of these products may be used for other cargoes afterthorough cleaning of tanks and associated pipework systems by washing or purging.

15.8.8 All valves, flanges, fittings and accessory equipment should be of type suitable foruse with the products and should be constructed of steel or stainless steel in accordancewith recognized standards. Discs or disc faces, seats and other wearing parts of valvesshould be made of stainless steel containing not less than 11% chromium.

(Video) Lesson 4 Cargo - Gas Carrier Codes

15.8.9 Gaskets should be constructed of materials which do not react with, dissolve in, orlower the auto-ignition temperature of, these products and which are fire resistant andpossess adequate mechanical behaviour. The surface presented to the cargo should bepolytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), or materials giving a similar degree of safety by theirinertness. Spirally-wound stainless steel, with a filler of PTFE of similar fluorinatedpolymer, may be accepted.

15.8.10 Insulation and packing, if used, should be of a material which does not reactwith, dissolve in, or lower the auto-ignition temperature of, these products.

15.8.11 The following materials are generally found unsatisfactory for gaskets, packingand similar uses in containment systems for these products and would require testingbefore being approved by the Administration:
.1 Neoprene or natural rubber, if it comes into contact with the products.
.2 Asbestos, or binders used with asbestos.
.3 Materials containing oxides of magnesium, such as mineral wools.

15.8.12 Threaded joints should not be permitted in the cargo liquid and vapour lines.

15.8.13 Filling and discharge piping should extend to within 100 mm of the bottom ofthe tank or any sump pit.

15.8.14 The containment system for a tank containing these products should have avalved return connection.

15.8.15 The products should be loaded and discharged in such a manner that venting ofthe tanks to atmosphere does not occur. If vapour return to shore is used during tankloading, the vapour return system connected to a containment system for the productshould be independent of all other containment systems.

15.8.16 During discharging operations, the pressure in the cargo tank must be maintainedabove 0.07 bar gauge.

(Video) IBC CODE 2020 AMMENDEMENTS

15.8.17 Tanks carrying porpylene oxide should be vented independently of tanks carryingother products. Facilities should be provided for sampling the tank contents withoutopening the tank to atmosphere.

15.8.18 The cargo should be discharged only by deepwell pumps, hydraulically operatedsubmerged pumps, or inert gas displacement. Each cargo pump should be arranged toensure that the product does not heat significantly if the discharge line from the pump isshut off or otherwise blocked.

15.8.19 Cargo hoses used for transfer of these products should be marked "FORALKYLENE OXIDE TRANSFER ONLY".

15.8.20 Cargo tanks, void spaces and other enclosed spaces, adjacent to an integralgravity cargo tank carrying propylene oxide, should either contain a compatible cargo(those cargoes specified in 15.8.2 are examples of substances considered incompatible) orbe inerted by injection of a suitable inert gas. Any hold space in which an independentcargo tank is located should be inerted. Such inerted spaces and tanks should be monitoredfor these products and oxygen. The oxygen content of these spaces should be maintainedbelow 2 per cent.

15.8.21 In no case should air be allowed to enter the cargo pump or piping system whilethese products are contained within the system.

15.8.22 Prior to disconnecting shore-lines, the pressure in liquid and vapour lines shouldbe relieved through suitable valves installed at the loading header. Liquid and vapour fromthese lines should not be discharged to atmosphere.

15.8.23 Propylene oxide may be carried in pressure tanks or in independent or integralgravity tanks. Ethylene oxide / propylene oxide mixtures should be carried in independentgravity tanks or pressure tanks. Tanks should be designed for the maximum pressureexpected to be encountered during loading, conveying and discharging cargo.

15.8.24 carriage Tank with a design pressure less than 0.6 bar gauge and tanks for thecarriage of ethylene oxide / propylene oxide mixtures with a design pressure less than 1.2bar gauge should have a cooling system to maintain the cargo below the referencetemperature. Reference temperature(R) means, in the case of propylene oxide, thetemperature corresponding to the vapour pressure of the propylene oxide at the set pressureof the pressure relief valve.

(Video) Lesson 1 Cargo- Legislation

15.8.25 The refrigeration requirement for tanks with a design pressure less than 0.6 bargauge may be waived by the Administration for ships operating in restricted areas or onvoyages of restricted duration, and account may be taken in such cases of any insulationof the tanks. The area and times of year for which such carriage would be permittedshould be included in the conditions of carriage of the International Certificate of Fitnessfor the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.

15.8.26 Any cooling system should maintain the liquid temperature below the boilingtemperature at the containment pressure. At least two complete cooling plants automaticallyregulated by variations within the tanks should be provided. Each cooling plant should becomplete with the necessary auxiliaries for proper operation. The control system shouldalso be capable of being manually operated. An alarm should be provided to indicatemalfunctioning of the temperature controls. The capacity of each cooling system should besufficient to maintain the temperature of the liquid cargo below the reference temperatureof the liquid cargo below the reference temperature(R).

15.8.27 An alternative arrangement may consist of three cooling plants, any two of whichshould be sufficient to maintain the liquid temperature below the reference temperature(R).

15.8.28 Cooling media which are separated from the products by a single wall onlyshould be non-reactive with the products.

15.8.29 Cooling systems requiring compression of the products should not be used.

15.8.30 Pressure relief valve settings should not be less than 0.2 bar gauge, or greaterthan 0.7 bar gauge, for pressure tanks.

15.8.31 The piping system for tanks to be loaded with these products should be separated(as defined in 1.3.24) from piping systems for all other tanks, including empty tanks. Ifthe piping system for the tanks to be loaded is not independent (as defined in 1.3.15), therequired piping separation should be accomplished by the removal of spool pieces, valves,or other pipe sections, and the installation of blank flanges at these locations. The requiredseparation applies to all liquid and vapour piping, liquid and vapour vent lines and anyother possible connections, such as common inert gas supply lines.

15.8.32 These products may be transported only in accordance with cargo handling plansthat have been approved by the Administration. Each intended loading arrangement shouldbe shown on a separate cargo handling plan. Cargo handling plans should show the entirecargo piping system and the locations for installation of blank flanges needed to meet theabove piping separation requirements. A copy of each approved cargo handling plan shouldbe maintained on board the ship. The International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriageof Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk should be endorsed to include reference to the approvedcargo handling plans.

(Video) Certificates Carried by Ships

15.8.33 Before each initial loading of these products and before every subsequent returnto such service, certification verifying that the required piping separation has been achievedshould be obtained from a responsible person acceptable to the Port Administration andcarried on board the ship. Each connection between a blank flange and a pipeline flangeshould be fitted with a wire and seal by the responsible person to ensure that inadvertentremoval of the blank flange is impossible.

15.8.34.1 No cargo tanks should be more than 98 per cent liquid full at the referencetemperature (R).

15.8.34.2 The maximum volume to which a cargo tank should be loaded (VL) should be:
MSC.4(48) - IBC-Code International code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk (1)

15.8.34.3 The maximum allowable tank filling limits for each cargo tank should beindicated for each loading temperature which may be applied, and for the applicablemaximum reference temperature, on a list to be approved by the Administration. A copyof the list should be permanently kept on board by the master.

15.8.35 The cargo should be carried under a suitable protective padding of nitrogen gas.An automatic nitrogen make-up system should be installed to prevent the tank pressurefalling below 0.07 bar gauge in the event of product temperature fall due to ambientconditions or maloperation of refrigeration systems. Sufficient nitrogen should be availableon board to satisfy the demand of the automatic pressure control. Nitrogen of commerciallypure quality (99.9 per cent by volume) should be used for padding. A battery of nitrogenbottles connected to the cargo tanks through a pressure reduction valve satisfies theintention of the expression "automatic" in this context.

15.8.36 The cargo tank vapour space should be tested prior to and after loading to ensurethat the oxygen content is 2% by volume or less.

15.8.37 A water spray system of sufficient capacity should be provided to blanketeffectively the area surrounding the loading manifold, the exposed deck piping associatedwith product handling, and the tank domes. The arrangement of piping and nozzles shouldbe such as to give a uniform distribution rate of 10 l/㎡ min. Remote manual operationshould be arranged such that remote starting of pumps supplying the water spray systemand remote operation of any normally closed valves in the system can be carried out froma suitable location outside the cargo area, adjacent to the accommodation spaces andreadily accessible and operable in the even of fire in the areas protected. The water spraysystem should be capable of both local and remote manual operation, and the arrangementshould ensure that any spilled cargo is washed away. Additionally, a water hose withpressure to the nozzle, when atmospheric temperatures permit, should be connected readyfor immediate use during loading and unloading operations.

15.8.38 A remotely operated, controlled closing-rate, shut-off valve should be provided ateach cargo hose connection used during cargo transfer.

(Video) Webinar Dangerous Goods Stowage & Segregation on board different types of vessels

FAQs

What is IMO Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk BCH code? ›

BCH Code: Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk IC772E by IMO - International Maritime Organization | The Nautical Mind.

What is the main purpose of the IBC Code? ›

The IBC Code provides an international standard for the safe carriage in bulk by sea of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances listed in chapter 17 of the Code.

Who has produced the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk? ›

The IBC Code provides an international standard for the safe carriage by sea of dangerous and noxious liquid chemicals in bulk.

What are the 3 classifications of chemical tankers as per the IBC Code? ›

´Today we have three distinct type of chemical tankers:
  • Parcel chemical tankers: ...
  • Dedicated Chemical tankers: These usually carry a single cargo such as methanol, a particular acid, molten sulphur or phosphorus or sometimes even orange juice and wine!
  • Product cum Chemical tankers:

Which category of NLS chemical in bulk poses maximum threat? ›

Categorisation of noxious liquid substances:

1 The notation for Category A Noxious Liquid substances (NLS) has been changed to Category X and contains NLS, which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a major hazard to either marine resources or human health.

How many types of ships are covered under IBC Code? ›

Chapter 17 of the IBC Code is a “Summary of minimum requirements” and here we will for example find requirements to ship type for all the substances listed in chapter 17. There are three ship type requirements: ship type 1 is the strictest, ship type 2 is less strict and ship type 3 is even less strict.

What is IMDG Code and explain the principles and uses of this code to protect the marine environment? ›

The IMDG Code was developed as an international code for the maritime transport of dangerous goods in packaged form, in order to enhance and harmonize the safe carriage of dangerous goods and to prevent pollution to the environment.

What is the latest IBC Code? ›

As such, the current version of the IBC is the 2021 edition, also known as ICC IBC-2021.

What does IBC mean in construction? ›

The International Building Code®(IBC®) is a model code that provides minimum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety and general welfare of the occupants of new and existing buildings and structures.

What is IBC full form? ›

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) 2016 was implemented through an act of Parliament. It got Presidential assent in May 2016.

What is the main idea of the BCH code is applicable to the chemical tankers built before? ›

1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the Code is to recommend suitable design criteria, construction standards and other safety measures for ships transporting dangerous or noxious chemical substances in bulk so as to minimize the risk to the ship, its crew and the environment.

What certificate is issued to a ship after complying with all the requirements of Marpol Annex I regulations? ›

International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate (IOPP)

International Oil Pollution Prevention certificate is issued towards the initial or renewal survey which states that the ship equipment, system, fittings, machinery, etc. coming under MARPOL Annex 1 is compliant with the regulation.

What is the difference between BC code and IBC Code? ›

But the main difference between these codes lies in its applicability. The BCH code is applicable to the chemical tankers built before 1 July 1986. The IBC code is applicable to the chemical tankers built after 1 July 1986.

What are the 3 types of tank configuration in chemical tankers? ›

The IBC Code defines three ship types (ST) of chemical tankers: ST1, ST2, and ST3. -ST1 is a chemical tanker intended to transport most dangerous products, which require maximum preventive measures to preclude an escape of such cargo.

What is Type 2 chemical tanker is intended to transport cargoes that have? ›

Type 2. Tankers intended to transport products with appreciably severe environmental and safety hazards requiring significant preventive measures to preclude an escape of such cargo.

What are the risks of carrying chemicals on board the ship explain those risk? ›

Ships that carry chemicals are also in danger of causing chemical spills that harm other people and the environment. Flammable chemicals may cause ship fires if exposed to excess heat, open flame, or electric sparks, which can injure or kill workers on board, especially when out to sea.

What are the hazards of ships carrying NLS products? ›

Health Hazards

Produce toxic vapours. Pose an asphyxiation hazard. Result in long term damage to eyes or the nervous system.

Which of the four categories of NLS that present major hazards to marine environment? ›

Category X

Noxious liquid substances (NLS) which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations are deemed to present a major hazard to either marine resources or human health and therefore, justify the prohibition of the discharge into the marine environment.

How much quantity of cargo is required to be carried in each tank for an IMO Type 2 ship? ›

The quantity of cargo required to be carried in a Type 2 ship should not exceed 3000 m3 in any one tank.

Which of these is one of the first things to be done before cargo operation on a tanker? ›

Be Aware of the Cargo Plan: It is very important to be aware of the cargo stowage and details in each tank before the loading operation.

What are the 5 Classification of tankers basis on size? ›

Tanker size and classes: The size of tankers is measured in DWT i.e. Dead Weight Tons and as per their size they are classified as follows: Seawaymax, Panamax, Aframax, Suezmax, VLCC (Very large crude carrier) and ULCC (ultra large crude carrier).

What is Type 3 chemical tanker is intended to transport cargoes that have? ›

Chemical tankers which transport products with amply severe environmental and safety hazards which require a moderate degree of containment in a damaged condition can be referred to as Type 3 Chemical Tankers.

What are the 3 types of ships subject to the IMDG Code? ›

Shipping Dangerous Cargo
  • Classification 1 is for explosives. ...
  • Classification 2 is for gases. ...
  • Classification 3 is for flammable liquids and has no sub-divisions.
  • Classification 4 is for volatile solids. ...
  • Classification 5 is for substances that have the chances of oxidisation, like portable tanks.
23 Aug 2022

Which of the following is included in Part 4 of the IMDG Code? ›

4 the formation of unstable substances. 4.1. 1.7 The closures of packagings containing wetted or diluted substances shall be such that the percentage of liquid (water, solvent or phlegmatizer) does not fall below the prescribed limits during transport.

What section of the IMDG Code covers stowage and segregation requirements on container ships? ›

Chapter 7.4 - Stowage and Segregation on Containerships provides specific guidelines for the stowage of dangerous goods on ships that are hatch-less or fitted with partially weather-tight hatchway covers. Special provisions apply for containers carrying flammable gases or highly flammable liquids.

Why IBC Code is important? ›

The purpose of the IBC Code is to provide an international standard for the safe carriage, in bulk by sea, of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances. The code prescribes the design, construction and equipment standards of ships, especially of chemical tankers.

What is IBC shipping code? ›

The IBC Code provides an international standard for the safe carriage in bulk by sea of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances listed in chapter 17 of the Code.

Which construction type is revised with the 2021 edition of the IBC? ›

The 2021 IBC® contains many important changes such as: Puzzle rooms (escape rooms) are now defined and regulated as special amusement areas, requiring compliance with Section 411 and special means of egress requirements.

What is Type 3 construction? ›

TYPE III – This type of constructed building is also called a brick-and-joist structure by some. It has masonry-bearing walls but the floors, structural framework, and roof are made of wood or other combustible material; for example, a concrete-block building with wood roof and floor trusses.

What is the purpose of IBC 2021? ›

The IBC establishes the minimum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety and general welfare through structural strength, proper exits, and sanitation. The IBC is also designed to provide safety for firefighters and emergency responders from fire and other hazards associated with the building's environment.

What are the objectives of IBC? ›

What does the IBC aim to do? IBC aims to reorganise and resolve the insolvency of corporations, individuals, and partnerships in a time-bound manner. the interest of all the stakeholders of the company so that they enjoy credit availability.

How does the IBC work? ›

IBC provides for a time-bound process to resolve insolvency. When a default in repayment occurs, creditors gain control over debtor's assets and must take decisions to resolve insolvency. Under IBC debtor and creditor both can start 'recovery' proceedings against each other.

Which are the major provisions of IBC in India? ›

Shifting existing regime 'Debtor in possession' to a ' Creditor in control'
  • Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985.
  • The Recovery of Debts Due to Banks and Financial Institutions Act, 1993.
  • The Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002.
12 Oct 2021

What are the 3 classifications of chemical tankers as per the IBC Code? ›

´Today we have three distinct type of chemical tankers:
  • Parcel chemical tankers: ...
  • Dedicated Chemical tankers: These usually carry a single cargo such as methanol, a particular acid, molten sulphur or phosphorus or sometimes even orange juice and wine!
  • Product cum Chemical tankers:

What are the International Code for the construction and Equipment of ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in bulk IGC )? ›

The International Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code), adopted by resolution MSC. 5(48), has been mandatory under SOLAS chapter VII since 1 July 1986.

Which of the following codes is mandatory for chemical tankers constructed on or after 1st July 2010? ›

Chemicals carried in bulk

Both Conventions require chemical tankers built after 1 July 1986 to comply with the International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code), which sets out the international standards for the safe carriage, in bulk by sea, of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances.

What are mandatory certificates on ship? ›

1 . Certificates which are required for trading purpose. Ship's registry certificate is a mandatory certificate however for Indian Ship's it is Statutory Certificate. OPA'90 is a Statutory certificate for ship's transiting in U.S waters but mandatory for other ship's.

Which of the following documents carried by a ship is not issued under MARPOL Convention? ›

Which of the following documents carried by a ship is not issued under the MARPOL convention? Safety Management Certificate.

How many types of ships are covered under IBC Code? ›

Chapter 17 of the IBC Code is a “Summary of minimum requirements” and here we will for example find requirements to ship type for all the substances listed in chapter 17. There are three ship type requirements: ship type 1 is the strictest, ship type 2 is less strict and ship type 3 is even less strict.

What is the latest IBC Code? ›

As such, the current version of the IBC is the 2021 edition, also known as ICC IBC-2021.

What does BCH code mean? ›

1 The purpose of the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code) is to provide an international standard for the safe carriage of dangerous and noxious chemicals in bulk by prescribing the constructional features of ships, regardless of their tonnage, involved in ...

What is the difference between IBC Code and BCH Code? ›

But the main difference between these codes lies in its applicability. The BCH code is applicable to the chemical tankers built before 1 July 1986. The IBC code is applicable to the chemical tankers built after 1 July 1986.

What is the key feature of BCH code? ›

One of the key features of BCH codes is that during code design, there is a precise control over the number of symbol errors correctable by the code. In particular, it is possible to design binary BCH codes that can correct multiple bit errors.

Which ship does the ISM Code apply? ›

The ISM Code will be compulsorily applicable to passenger ships, oil tankers, chemical tankers, gas carriers, bulk carriers and cargo high speed craft of 500 gt and upwards on 1st July 1998. For other cargo ships and mobile offshore units of 500 gt and upwards, it becomes compulsorily applicable on 1st July 2002.

What is non binary BCH codes? ›

To calculate the minimum distance of BCH code is a well-known problem in general. We studied on the dimension of narrow sense Non-binary BCH code (𝑞, 𝑢, 𝑟2l−4 + 1) and also find out the Bose Distance of non-binary BCH code of design distance 𝛿 = 𝑞2l + 1.

How does Reed Solomon code work? ›

Reed–Solomon codes are able to detect and correct multiple symbol errors. By adding t = n − k check symbols to the data, a Reed–Solomon code can detect (but not correct) any combination of up to t erroneous symbols, or locate and correct up to ⌊t/2⌋ erroneous symbols at unknown locations.

How do turbo codes work? ›

Turbo codes are a much more developed way of integrating information redundancy. They are based on the transmission of the initial message in three copies. The first copy is the raw, non-encoded information. The second is modified by encoding each bit of information using an algorithm shared by the coder and decoder.

What is the full form of IBC Code? ›

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) 2016 was implemented through an act of Parliament. It got Presidential assent in May 2016. Centre introduced the IBC in 2016 to resolve claims involving insolvent companies.

What are the 5 Classification of tankers basis on size? ›

Tanker size and classes: The size of tankers is measured in DWT i.e. Dead Weight Tons and as per their size they are classified as follows: Seawaymax, Panamax, Aframax, Suezmax, VLCC (Very large crude carrier) and ULCC (ultra large crude carrier).

What is IBC full form? ›

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India. IBC. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. ICD.

How many errors can a BCH code correct? ›

It has minimal Hamming distance at least 7 and corrects up to three errors.

How do you calculate error in Hamming code? ›

Decoding a message in Hamming Code
  1. Step 1 − Calculation of the number of redundant bits.
  2. Step 2 − Positioning the redundant bits.
  3. Step 3 − Parity checking.
  4. Step 4 − Error detection and correction.
27 Jun 2020

What kind of polynomials are called syndrome polynomial? ›

Let Q(p) represent the quotient polynomial and R(p) be the remainder polynomial. The remainder R(p) is a polynomial with degree (n – k – 1) or less. It is called as the syndrome polynomial.

What are the 3 important goals in implementing ISM Code on ships? ›

ISM code works with the motive of satisfying three important goals: Safety of people on board. Safety of ship and cargo. Safety of the marine environment.

What are the 12 elements of ISM Code? ›

What are content of ISM or International safety management code?
  • General : Definitions. ...
  • Safety & environmental protection policy.
  • Company responsibilities & authority.
  • Designated person (DPA)
  • Master's responsibility & authority.
  • Resources & personnel.
  • Development of plans for shipboard operations.
  • Emergency preparedness.

Which chapter of the ISM Code the management and safe operation of ships requires the compliance of all ships? ›

Purpose Of ISM code & international requirements

The new chapter IX to SOLAS 1974, Management for the Safe Operation of Ships requires compliance of Passenger Vessels and high speed Passenger Craft over 500 GRT by 1 July 1998.

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